Odisha

ODISHA

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Odisha (formerly Orissa), an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal, is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu temples. The capital, Bhubaneswar, is home to hundreds of temples, notably the intricately-carved Mukteshvara. The Lingaraj Temple complex, dating to the 11th century, is set around sacred Bindusagar Lake. The Odisha State Museum is focused on the area’s history and environment.

CapitalBhubaneswar
Chief MinisterNaveen Patnaik
GovernorSC Jamir
National ParkBhitarkanika National Park
Nandankanan National Park
Simlipal National Park
Tiger ReservesSimlipal
Satkosia
UNESCO World Heritage SiteSun Temple Konark
Bird sanctuaryChilka Lake Bird Sanctuary
Dams & RiversJalaput Dam – Machkund river
Balimela Reservoir – Sileruriver
Indravati Dam – Indravati river
Hirakud Dam – Mahanadi River
Famous research instituteCentral Rice Research Institute
Important lakeChilka Lake
Folk dancesPala Jtra,
Daskathia,
MayurbhanjChhau,
MangalRas,
Sowang.
Classical danceOdissi
FestivalsRathYatra
MakarSakranti
Mahastami
Kumar Purnima
DipavaliAmavasya
Sri NrusinghaChatturdashi
Sri VinayakChaturthi/ Ganesh Chaturthi
KartikaPurnima
Population census 201141,974,218 (increased by 14.05%)
Area (sq km census 2011)155,707
Density270
Sex – Ratio979
Literacy rate72.87%
Major PortParadip
SoilsRed soil,
Laterite soil,
Reaty & Marshy,
Major Mineral ResourcesBauxite Ore (Aluminium)
Chromite (Cuttack district)
Iron Ore
Lead – Zinc
Manganese
Dolomite
Graphite (Odisha is the main producer in the country)
Major Iron & Steel plantRourkela Steel plant – Sundargarh district
Daitari Steel plant,
Tata Steel Kalinganagar
Important StadiumsDRIEMS Ground – Cuttuck,
BijuPatnaik Hockey Stadium – Bhubaneswar,
Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium – Cuttuck,
East Coast Railway Cricket Stadium – Bhubaneswar